Sabah, nicknamed Negeri Di Bawah Bayu ("Land Below the Wind"), is one of the two Malaysian states on the island of Borneo (Sarawak being the other state). Kota Kinabalu is the capital city as well the economic centre for the state and the seat for the Sabah state government. Sabah has an equatorial climate with tropical rainforests and abundant animal and plant species. The state has a long mountain ranges in the west side which formed as part of the Crocker Range National Park. Kinabatangan River is the second longest river in Malaysia while Mount Kinabalu is the highest point of Sabah as well for Malaysia.
The state exhibits notable diversity in ethnicity, culture, and language. The state is known for its traditional musical instrument, the sompoton. The Sabah International Folklore Festival is the main folklore event in Malaysia, other festivals including the Borneo Bird Festival, Borneo Eco Film Festival, Kota Kinabalu Food Fest, Kota Kinabalu Jazz Festival, Sabah Dragon Boat Festival, Sabah Fest and Sabah Sunset Music Festival. Sabah is the only state in Malaysia to celebrate the Kaamatan festival.
Sabah has abundant natural resources, and its economy is strongly export-oriented, mainly in oil and gas, timber and palm oil.